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Our inventory of emerging environmental contaminants such as Brominated Flame Retardants (BFRs) and Perfluorinated Compounds (PFCs) also continues to expand.

Like breathing, hypnosis is an inherent and universal trait, shared and experienced by all human beings since the dawn of time.

On the other hand, it’s only in the last few decades that we’ve come to realise that!

Secondly, hypnosis became a popular phenomenon, something that was increasingly available to the layman, outside of the laboratory or clinic.

At the same time, the style of hypnosis changed, from a direct instruction issued by an authoritarian figure (a legacy of the charismatic mesmerist) to a more indirect and permissive style of trance induction, based on subtly persuasive language patterns.

It’s important to remember, however, that what we see as occultism was the scientific establishment of its day, with exactly the same purpose as modern science – curing human ills and increasing knowledge.

From a Western point of view, the decisive moment in the history of hypnosis occurred in the 18th Century (coinciding with the Enlightenment and the Age of Reason).

He was also fond of dressing up in a cloak and playing ethereal music on the glass harmonica whilst this was happening.

The popular image of the hypnotist as a charismatic and mystical figure can be firmly dated to this time.

This trend continued into the 20th Century, although in some ways, hypnosis became imprisoned by its own respectability, as it became mired in endless academic debate about “state” or “non-state”.